Thus says the Lord: ‘As the rain and the snow come down from the heavens and do not return without watering the earth, making it yield and giving growth to provide seed for the sower and bread for the eating, so the word that goes from my mouth does not return to me empty, without carrying out my will and succeeding in what it was sent to do.’
I think that what we suffer in this life can never be compared to the glory, as yet unrevealed, which is waiting for us. The whole creation is eagerly waiting for God to reveal his sons. It was not for any fault on the part of creation that it was made unable to attain its purpose, it was made so by God; but creation still retains the hope of being freed, like us, from its slavery to decadence, to enjoy the same freedom and glory as the children of God. From the beginning till now the entire creation, as we know, has been groaning in one great act of giving birth; and not only creation, but all of us who possess the first-fruits of the Spirit, we too groan inwardly as we wait for our bodies to be set free.
A sower went out to sow
Jesus left the house and sat by the lakeside, but such large crowds gathered round him that he got into a boat and sat there. The people all stood on the beach, and he told them many things in parables.
He said, ‘Imagine a sower going out to sow. As he sowed, some seeds fell on the edge of the path, and the birds came and ate them up. Others fell on patches of rock where they found little soil and sprang up straight away, because there was no depth of earth; but as soon as the sun came up they were scorched and, not having any roots, they withered away. Others fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. Others fell on rich soil and produced their crop, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. Listen, anyone who has ears!’
Then the disciples went up to him and asked, ‘Why do you talk to them in parables?’ ‘Because’ he replied, ‘the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven are revealed to you, but they are not revealed to them. For anyone who has will be given more, and he will have more than enough; but from anyone who has not, even what he has will be taken away. The reason I talk to them in parables is that they look without seeing and listen without hearing or understanding. So in their case this prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled:
You will listen and listen again, but not understand,
see and see again, but not perceive.
For the heart of this nation has grown coarse,
their ears are dull of hearing, and they have shut their eyes,
for fear they should see with their eyes,
hear with their ears,
understand with their heart,
and be converted
and be healed by me.
‘But happy are your eyes because they see, your ears because they hear! I tell you solemnly, many prophets and holy men longed to see what you see, and never saw it; to hear what you hear, and never heard it.
‘You, therefore, are to hear the parable of the sower. When anyone hears the word of the kingdom without understanding, the evil one comes and carries off what was sown in his heart: this is the man who received the seed on the edge of the path. The one who received it on patches of rock is the man who hears the word and welcomes it at once with joy. But he has no root in him, he does not last; let some trial come, or some persecution on account of the word, and he falls away at once. The one who received the seed in thorns is the man who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the lure of riches choke the word and so he produces nothing. And the one who received the seed in rich soil is the man who hears the word and understands it; he is the one who yields a harvest and produces now a hundredfold, now sixty, now thirty.’
Scripture readings – Courtesy of Universalis Publishing Ltd. – www.universalis.com
“Letting God’s Word Grow in Us “
by John Campion
As rain water falls on the earth to make things grow so the word of God accomplishes what it was sent to do. It is not an empty word; it is a powerful word which brings about the purposes of God. As God’s word made the first beginning in Jesus it still makes new beginnings if we let his word bear fruit. It has the ability to change all who encounter it. Jesus used the image of sowing the seed to challenge his listeners to reflect and respond to his word.
I can recall growing up on a farm and every spring we prepared the land for the crops. The cultivation of the fields, with ploughing and tilling were responsible for the fruit of the harvest. No field was the same, there were fields where the crop would not do as well as others. There could be a dry, hard area around the entrance where the crop would be thin, another area of the field where it was rocky and the yield could be poor or an area where the ditch was high with weeds growing out choking the growth. The success of the harvest depended on the preparation of the farmer, and the providence of God with rain, light and heat. Poor weather conditions at times caused struggle and hardship. Yet, there was a harvest, this year produced seeds for the following year.
The seed of God’s word is God’s love given to us freely that is meant to produce a harvest in the different soil of our lives. The word depends on us and our openness to God’s grace. It is a gift, and like the seeds produced yearly to bear fruit for the following year. We too are chosen to bear fruit and build God’s kingdom. However, we can be lazy or preoccupied and we don’t prepare the soil of our hearts to let the seed take root. We cause struggle and growth takes time. If we take time nourish the word, God will wait on the gradual process. It might even take us a lifetime. But if we allow the seed to struggle to grow in us we will grow too. Eventually the word of God and our own word will become one.
by Fr Juan José Bartolomé SDB
Introduction to Lectio Divine
Pressed by the multitude that was crowding around to hear him, Jesus spoke a parable, or rather, he gave a discourse that included seven parables (13, 1-52). The first of them is the longest and most developed, and is followed by an explanation, which is unusual. In his mission of evangelization, Jesus enjoyed the initial enthusiasm of the people (4, 17 – 11, 1) and then a gradual rejection by the Pharisees (11,2-12,50). This parable deals with his experience as a preacher and reflects his most intimate convictions. The seed is appropriate as an image that reveals one of the secret laws of the kingdom, the hidden power of the Word of God. Jesus uses it to draws his listeners’ attention to their responsibilities. It is not enough to listen – they must bear fruit. It is not enough to welcome the teaching – they must live it. Answering him well or following him closely is of no merit. If listening to the word of God does not lead to obedience, we are wasting our time.
Read: understand what the text is saying, focussing on how it says it
Jesus chose the parable as a teaching method, like an experienced evangelizer who had known success and failure. With the image of the seed he seeks to explain the nature of the Kingdom of God and the laws that govern its inauguration. He reveals also his own convictions. He tells how the kingdom grows and why it meets so much difficulty. His words are a serious warning for his hearers and, at the same time, a clear message of hope.
Jesus does not normally comment on his parables. He allows them to speak for themselves and to raise questions for the listeners. Here, unusually, he adds a double comment, which proves that what he is saying is of great importance. In fact the explanation is addressed only to his disciples. It is in two parts: a strict theological judgement and an allegory to clarify the issue. First of all he responds to a logical question from his disciples. He justifies his use of parables by recourse to Scripture. The reason he gives is even more surprising: “that they [may] … listen without hearing or understanding.” A people unwilling to obey God does not deserve a clear and convincing teaching. If they are unwilling to be converted, they should be prevented from hearing. They must first feel the need for salvation if they are to open their eyes and their hearts to the gospel that is preached to them. Hearing the word is not enough to make one a believer, just as being the sons of prophets is not enough to enter the kingdom. Anyone who closes his or her eyes and heart to Christ is excluded from the kingdom of God.
Jesus goes on to explain the parable in detail, but only to the disciples who are happy because they see and believe. Accompanying Jesus makes them happier than the prophets who had hoped to see what they saw, but did not see it. Jesus identifies the difficulties that hinder the acceptance and growth of the seed. The problem is not that the seed is refused. They all receive the seed but some either neglect it or allow it to be stolen from them. He mentions the generosity or the extravagance of the sower who sees no harm in wasting seed, scattering it where there is little or no chance of its taking root. Then he points out the different levels of fruitfulness of those who receive the word and tend it well. Even in a good field the seed does not always produce the same crop. The ground must be prepared if it is to yield a harvest, but the results do not depend on one’s level of preparation. We today have the chance to hear the word, and the risk of not accepting it, but that is not enough. If no crop is produced, the sowing is wasted, and even the work of God and of Jesus himself. This implies a serious responsibility for those who know that the Word of God is nourishment for their lives.
Meditate: apply what the text says to life
We who listen frequently to the gospel should feel challenged by the serious warning, and comforted by the welcome promise contained in the words of Jesus. The seed reaches all but not all are equally prepared. The obstacles that prevent God’s word entering people’s lives are as varied as the people themselves. Every listener needs to re-examine his or her opposition to God who speaks, but the reasons for resistance are always unique and exclusive. They arise, as in the parable, from the concrete circumstances in which each one lives. For this reason, even in the best of fields, as every farmer well knows, the yield is uneven. The prior preparation may be the same for all, but that does not ensure that the final outcome will be the same for all. A good disposition is needed, but the fertility of the soil does not depend on the grain. The word of God needs to be welcomed and cared for. But it is the potential of the word that yields fruit in the life of the believer, and not the efforts of the one who receives it.
The sower puts his trust in the seed and in the field. So does God trust us when he speaks his word to us. Even though we may put every imaginable obstacle in the way, God puts his trust in us, showing his love for us and sowing his word in our lives. The trust God places in us should frighten us before ever we think about the way we have responded. We should be moved by the hope that God has for us, and the trust he shows in us when he considers us worthy to receive his word. How could we fail to marvel at a God who continues to sow his seed in us, and does not allow himself to be discouraged by the poor results we yield? We are enriched by his sowing and encouraged to yield a harvest, despite our weakness and past failures.
We enter into dialogue with God and become the object of his attention when we feel obliged to respond and we strive to obey. Anyone who listens to the word of God, therefore, should feel privileged to have been chosen by God before ever he feels obliged to respond. One of the best ways of knowing that we are loved by God is, without doubt, when we know that we have been asked by him to act according to his will. If we did not matter to God, he would have no interest in us. The fact that he comes to meet us, that he considers us worthy to receive his word, like the field chosen by the sower to receive the seed, should convince us that he still cares about us and still counts on us. Being a hearer of the word of God means first of all being a friend of God.
The seed that is sown, the Word of God heard, is more than an unmerited privilege – it is a responsibility to be cultivated. A newly ploughed field can remain barren despite the work of the sower. Similarly, we can find a thousand ways to ignore the word that God has deigned to communicate to us. We can allow the word God has placed in our hearts to be stolen. We can put obstacles there that prevent God from planting deep roots in our lives. We can allow his demands to be suffocated by our own desires and illusions. We can be more concerned with what we have not got than with what God has promised. We can start seeking by our own efforts what God wants to give us by his grace. We can prefer an easy life without God to a God who makes demands of us. We can turn his word into an empty sound, and allow his interest in us to be wasted.
God persists in continuing to sow his word in our hearts. It would be good for us today to ask ourselves what specific obstacles he finds in our lives. What is it, apart from God, that is given priority in our lives? What receives most attention in our day-to-day lives? What occupies our hearts? What gives meaning to our lives? We will not be converted to hear and obey God’s word, unless we identify the source of our indifference, our laziness and resistance.
As Jesus pointed out, the same field and the same seed do not always yield the same crop. If this does not upset the farmer, it should not be a problem for us either. God takes for granted that all should yield fruit, but he knows that not all have the same generosity. Anyone who treasures the word God speaks to him, and values God’s plan for him, should not feel discouraged. God does not demand the maximum, but he wants everyone to give something of what he has received. The hope God has for those who become his friends, and enter into dialogue with him to know his will, does not decrease if they do not succeed in giving all that God wishes. God trusts us enough to speak his word to us and reveal his will for us. He is a patient God and hopes each day for something more than we have given yesterday. God is not satisfied just because we are good – he wants the best from us. Because he loves us greatly, he hopes for the very best from us. And because he loves us always more and more, he hopes that tomorrow we will be better than we are today.
We are God’s field where he has worked to sow his seed, and this increases our responsibility. Like the farmer, God hopes for a good yield. If we do not respond to God’s hopes for us, we are excluded from his kingdom. God could lose us if we refuse his efforts, but we would not lose God. However, if God were to lose us that would indeed be the greatest loss of all.
For us, as for that crowd that heard Jesus speaking for the first time about God the Sower, our good fortune at hearing God’s word, and the danger of not accepting it, are equal. If we do not bear fruit, God’s hope in us becomes vain, his work in our lives of no value, and worst of all, God can do nothing in us. Could this be the reason why, even though we have been listening to God’s word for many years, people see nothing new in us, no fruit that is worthy of God? If we rejoice because God loves us, and takes such care of us, is it not high time for us to assume our responsibility, once and for all, and begin to do what he wants of us? Then, and only then, can we be sure that God will continue to sow his seed in us, and to trust and hope in us.
to those who go astray
you reveal the light of your truth
and enable them to return to the right path.
Grant that all who have received the grace of baptism
may strive to be worthy of their Christian calling
and reject everything opposed to it.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever.